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# Scalar Wave Technology

## Energy From Vacuum

The universe has the background energy called **vacuum energy**. This background energy is the result of zero-point field derived from Heisenberg’s energy–time uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics. Both quantum electrodynamics (QED) and stochastic electrodynamics(SED) estimate the vacuum energy of free space to be 10^{113} joules per cubic meter. However, using the upper limit of the cosmological constant, this is only estimated to be 10^{−9} joules per cubic meter. This huge discrepancy is known as the cosmological constant problem.

More to come soon …

## Scalar Wave Theory

**Scalar Wave Theory**

Scalar waves are longitudinal waves of potentials. They have only magnitude but no momentum in space. Scalar waves are unconventional waves different from the transverse electromagnetic (EM) waves. They travel faster than the speed of light, penetrating anything without decay. They appear to be stationary and undetectable using contemporary measurement instruments, but they carry fundamental energy that can be tapped to generate many different effects. In essence, scalar wave is about the transmission of energy and information with speeds faster than light confirmed by Nicola Tesla.

As shown Figure 1, scalar wave is a field of potential energy in 3D space. The energy is radiated over time – the 4th dimension.

*Figure 1. Scalar Field 2D and 3D illustrations (courtesy Wikimedia common)*

*Scalar Wave Generation *

The classical electromagnetic waves are transverse waves in which ** E **and

**vectors vibrate perpendicularly to the direction of propagation. The EM energy flux is represented by the Poynting vector**

*H***=**

*S***x**

*E***which points to the direction of propagation.**

*H*Scalar waves, on the other hand, have no net ** E **and

**field vectors, but they can still transmit energy longitudinally, over time, in all directions in the form of potentials. As depicted in Figure 2, a scalar wave can be created by superimposing two radiating electromagnetic waves that are 180 degrees out of phase (or shifted by λ/2), leading to the cancellation of the**

*H***and**

*E***vectors. When both**

*H***and**

*E***are equal to zero, there are no force fields, a state of EM vacuum is formed. In this state, energy is transmitted longitudinally in time, traveling faster than the speed of light, penetrating any objects without decay and all the way out to infinity. This is the power that the established science and engineering community has yet to recognize.**

*H**[1]*)

Since scalar wave is a potential energy field, the electromagnetic force can be obtained as its gradient. This is the basis for harnessing the energy of scalar waves to generate different effects at the receiving ends. It has been hypothesized that scalar wave is the same subtle energy field or zero-point field energy that encompasses everything, everywhen, and everywhere in the universe. The zero-point field energy is a naturally existent energy that has been proven in quantum mechanics. This is the quantum fluctuation energy at temperature of absolute zero degree kelvin or -273.15 °C which existed before the world began.

*Omission in Maxwell’s Equations*

The modem electromagnetic theory is based on Maxwell’s four equations. The equations can be written in differential or integral forms. The scalar wave proponent Rt. Lt. Col. Tom Bearden charged that “Maxwell’s vector equations taught in universities are actually Heaviside’s truncated equations.” *[2]* The original Maxwell’s theory includes 20 equations in 20 unknowns. Maxwell was under great pressure to simplify the math but did not finish it before he died. After his death, Heaviside and Hertz drastically simplified and truncated the theory with the introduction of the gauge conditions including Lorentz symmetrization and arbitrary discarding of all asymmetrical Maxwellian systems. The omission of potentials was considered of no consequence. But this truncation threw away the hidden but powerful scalar potential, make the equations simpler so that closed algebraic solutions could be found. As a consequence, the theory of scalar waves has not gained wide acceptance by the main stream science and engineering community today, and sometime it is even labeled as pseudoscience. The available theoretical explanations and experiments about scalar waves are scarce and confused.

James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879)

In the present Maxwell-Heaviside theory, ** E** field is created by charges and

**field is created by electric current. The theory omits the potential variables and is not able to explain the massless interactions and the force-free potential that interact with mass to produce forces. Tom Bearden pointed out that: “At the time, by his symmetrization of the Heaviside-Maxwell equations, Lorentz had just (unknowingly and unrecognized to anyone else) discarded all nature’s permissible asymmetrical Maxwellian systems — the very ones that contained the entire class of Maxwellian systems capable of freely receiving energy from the vacuum, creating a NET translation force field in its charged matter system, and using it to push current through loads and power them freely.”**

*B**Scalar Waves – Extension to Maxwell’s Equations*

Over the years, a handful of scientists and engineers have realized the limitations of the Maxwell’s electromagnetic theory. They had come to the agreement with Tom Bearden that scalar waves should have been part of Maxwell’s original theory. In 2001, CIA released to the public a scalar wave memo dated 1987 *[3]*. It indicates that the US R&D community and intelligent community had showed great interest in the potential applications of scalar waves since 1987. In the memo, the author showed that scalar waves are unconventional waves that are not a contradiction to Maxwell’s classical equations but represent an extension to Maxwell’s original theory. This extension was evident from the following analysis:

The**
E** and

**fields can be represented by the electric scalar potential**

*B**ϕ*and the magnetic vector potential

**:**

*A*** E** = -∇

*ϕ*– (1/c)∂

*A***/∂**

*t*

* B** = -∇x**A*

By
manipulating ** E** and

**in Maxwell’s equations, we have two wave equations:**

*B* ∇* ^{2}ϕ* – (1/c

^{2})∂

^{2}

*ϕ*

**/∂**

*t*= 0 (Scalar potential waves)

^{2 }
∇^{2}** A
**– (1/c

^{2})∂

^{2}

*A***/∂**

*t*= 0 (Vector potential waves)

^{2 }If all
vectors ** E**,

**, and**

*B***are set to zero, we can find a new variable S**

*A* S = –∇•** A**–

*εμ*∂

*ϕ*

*/∂*

*t*

which satisfies the following relations

A
= ∇*S*

* ϕ** = – *(1/c)*∂S/∂t*

This new variable S then satisfies a wave equation:

∇^{2}*S*– (1/c^{2})∂^{2}*S* /∂*t ^{2 }*= 0 (Scalar wave equation)

The variable S is a potential having a wave equation. This new variable *S* is the so called scalar wave. It is a lossless wave in the absence of a source or sink over long time scales. It shows that the scalar wave exists and propagates without any force fields (** E **=

**= 0) and there is no conventional Poynting EM power flow. This new scalar wave fits perfectly in the Maxwell’s equations.**

*B*The author of the CIA memo did raise the question where the energy is drawn from to sustain such a flow of energy. One possibility is to add to the EM theory a vector that integrates to zero over a closed surface. Another is the possibility of drawing energy from the vacuum or free space. While conventional EM theory does not allow random energy in free space to be drawn, quantum mechanics does allow this and it is called zero point energy (energy fluctuation always exists at absolute temperature of zero). Tom Bearden was mentioned in the CIA memo as the chief proponent of drawing energy from vacuum.

The CIA memo concluded that scalar waves are potential for unconventional wave propagation. They do not attenuate like EM waves do. Their existence is not proven, but if they exist their energy source is not clear. They have a quantum mechanical flavor about them. If they exist, they will be transformed via collective phenomena from microscopic waves to microscopic waves. They also behave like longitudinal waves in a plasma and grow via energy supplied by the medium such as free space or sea water, etc. Should they exist, a new vistas in wave propagation and long distance ranging/detection will result.

In 2012, Hively and Giokos proposed a complete electrodynamics theory *[4]*. As they explained it, the classical Maxwell’s equations require a gauge condition ∇ • ** A **+ αεμ ∂

*ϕ*/∂

*t*= 0 in order to arrive at specific solutions, where α = 1 is the Lorenz gauge (charge travels at light speed), α = 0 is the Coulomb gauge (electrostatics with potential

*ϕ*propagating at infinite speed), 0<α<1 is the velocity gauge (potential

*ϕ*propagating at a speed greater than the light speed). This means that the gauge condition is related to non-locality by its scalar-potential propagation speed. This gauge condition makes it incomplete. By introducing a dynamical quantity,

*S*= –∇•

**–**

*A**εμ*∂

*ϕ*/∂

*t, here,*and

**A***ϕ*are the vector and scalar potentials, the new theory predicts two waves: a charge-fluctuation-driven scalar waves having energy but not momentum (our interest here) and a longitudinal-electric wave with energy and momentum. This dynamic quantity is the same “new wave” mentioned in the CIA memo. In Hively’s own words: “The explicit prediction of wave-like phenomena (S-waves) with energy, but not momentum, is unprecedented, but is not unlike charged, quantum particle-antiparticle fluctuations having energy, but no net momentum”.

*Potential Vortex – Meyl Scalar Wave Theory*

German professor Dr.-Ing. Konstantin Meyl did an even deep dive into the true mechanism of scalar waves. He discovered **potential vortex** in 1990 *[5]* and has since used it as the model to explain scalar waves and their transfer. Using just Faraday’s Law of Induction – the third equation in Maxwell’s four equations, he found vortex duality. The vortex is the Eddy current curl in conductive materials (e.g, copper), anti-vortex is the opposite vortex formed in insulating materials (e.g., air) and it must accompany the creation of the vortex. The vortex can not be formed without the anti-vortex as he explained using the formation mechanism of a tornado. The contracting potential vortex thus exerts a pressure and with that forms the vortex. He called the anti-vortex the **potential vortex**. The concept of potential vortex is so obvious but was totally missed in Maxwell-Heaviside equations. This certainly accounts for scalar waves not being accepted into the main stream science as of today. Using potential vortex, Dr. Meyl further developed the consistent field theory which allows all known interactions to be derived from. He showed that electrons, protons, neutrinos etc. are all made up of double vortexes.

In his book * Scalar Waves*, Dr. Meyl, using the concept of potential vortex, proves that wave is a conglomerate of various waves, scalar waves are presented besides the well-known Hertz electromagnetic wave (see picture above). Scalar wave is further divided down to electric scalar wave (detected by Tesla a century ago), and Meyl’s new magnetic scalar wave. Both scalar waves are potential vortexes that spreads longitudinally in space without a constant speed. It can be a standing wave, noise, earth radiation or bio-photons at the speed below

**, photons at**

*c***, or neutrino and tachyon radiation above**

*c***c**.

The figure above shown by Dr. Meyl compares Hertzian wave and Tesla scalar wave.

Hertzian wave, as pointed out by Nikola Tesla, is a gigantic waste of energy. The transmitter broadcasts power in all directions, only tiny amount of power can reach the receiver. For a 2-watt transmit power out of a mobile phone antenna, for example, only a few milliwatts can reach the base station. The transmission loss is therefore enormous. The transmitter has to use very high power amplifier and high gain antenna in order for the receiver to receive sufficient power for processing. The advantage is that Hertzian wave can reach many users in all directions at the same time, and so it’s good for broadcasting application.

Tesla’s scalar wave, on the other hand, is highly focused and efficient on point-to-point communication. It functions on the principle of resonance. The transmitter and the receiver are on the same frequency but out of phase. All field lines originated from the transmitter antenna terminate on the receive antenna. There is virtually no transmission loss. All transmitted power reaches receiver. In principle, as long as the condition of resonance is met, only a few milliwatts of power out of a mobile phone is needed to carry out a telephone call to another user on the other end of the earth allowing direct communication. Mobile communication on scalar wave is still a dream. The challenge is to accomplish the opposite phase between the transmitter and receiver so to create a resonance condition. Modulation and coding have to be added so a conversation can occur only between the intended users.

Scalar wave is a powerful tool that can be used for either good or for harm. When embraced for a better humanity, it will not only revolutionize the energy technology and telecommunication industry, but also profoundly change human life including healing and medicine forever.

Navigate to **Scalar Wave Experiment** …

**References:**

[1] Horst. Eckardt, *What are Scalar Waves?* www.aias.us, www.atomicprecision.com, www.upitec.org, January 2, 2012

[2] Tom
Bearden, *Maxwell’s
vector equations taught in university are actually Heaviside’s truncated
equations.*
http://www.cheniere.org/references/maxwell.htm

[3] CIA, Scalar Waves -CIA, https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom, March 7, 2001

[4] Hively, L.M. and Giakos, G.C. (2012) ‘Toward a more complete electrodynamic theory’, *Int. J. Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering*, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp.3–10.

[5] Konstantin Meyl, *About Vortex Physics and Vortex Losses*, Journal of Vortex Science and Technology, Vol. 1 (2012), Article ID 235563, 10 pages

[6] Konstantin Meyl, *Scalar Waves,* Indel GmbH (2003), ISBN-10: 3980254240

## Scalar Wave Experiment

**Scalar
Wave Experimental Study**

Nikola Tesla conducted his first wireless power transmission experiment in Colorado Springs in 1899. This is the first ever experiment involved scalar wave. Nikola Tesla is therefore considered to be the father of the scalar waves. However, Tesla himself did not use the term “scalar wave” at the time. He called it “non-Hertzian” wave. Tesla repeatedly stated that his “non-Hertzian” wave is far superior to the Hertzian wave. The new waves did not fall off as the square of the distance. They can travel faster than the speed of light and penetrate objects without decay. However, since the new waves can not be detected directly using modern instrument, their existence and extraordinary power can only be verified through the method of implication during experiments.

Some scientists and engineers today have realized that scalar wave was exactly what Tesla was referring to over a century ago, so they name his “non-Hertzian” wave scalar wave, longitudinal wave, or even Tesla wave.

*Tesla Wireless Power Transmission Experiment*

In Tesla own words: “That electrical energy can be economically transmitted without wires to any terrestrial distance, I have unmistakably established in numerous observations, experiments and measurements, qualitative and quantitative. These have demonstrated that it is practicable to distribute power from a central plant in unlimited amounts, with a loss not exceeding *a small fraction of one per cent*, in the transmission, even to the greatest distance, twelve thousand miles — to the opposite end of the globe.”

Nikola Tesla Colorado Spring Station Colorado Spring Station Inside New York Wardenclyffe Tower

Nikola Tesla (1856 -1943) and his Colorado Springs station (middle two photos). The bottom photo is the Wardenclyffe Tower in Shoreham, New York which was never put into operation due to the lack of funding ( courtesy Wikimedia Commons).

The Colorado Springs experiment used a “magnifying transmitter” that has a large Tesla coil of 49 ft in diameter and a 30 inch copper ball on top of a 142 ft high wooden pole (middle photo above). It could generate 12,000 kV at a frequency of 30 ~150 kHz. With just several hundred kV voltage, light bulbs within 100 feet of the station glowed without any wires. The 23 ft long spark arcs seen in the photo were not part of the operation by design, but the byproduct of the high voltage effect between the transmitter and any conductive materials such as metals, water, or people nearby. The detrimental effects of the powerful high frequency current on electrical equipment were also observed 6 miles away.

Tesla’s wireless power transmission experiment was based on his own US patent * System of Transmission of Electrical Energy, * No. 645,576 dated March 20, 1900 which was filed on September 2, 1897 [1]. As shown in the diagram below, it consists of a voltage boost transformer as the transmitter and a voltage step-down transformer as the receiver. The transformer here is not the conventional transformer as the secondary coil is not a closed circuit, it is known today as “Tesla coil”. Both Tesla coils in the transmitter and receiver are constructed similarly except the winding direction of the coils. One end of the big coil is connected to a big metal ball

**or**

*D***as over-the-air radiating or receiving element, and the other end is connected to the earth’s ground. This is the “secret” scheme behind many scalar wave healing machines on the market today.**

*D’**System of Transmission of Electrical Energy*

Tesla envisioned that as long as the AC source G injects current into the earth at the exact frequency that resonates with the earth, the earth’s electrical charges would be made available anywhere in the world that amplify that AC source. The earth’s rarefied upper atmosphere acts as the current transfer channel which allows receiving Tesla coil with buried ground connection anywhere around the globe to close the loop and pick up the resonant energy. This earth resonance was later formally known as Schumann resonance in 1952 [2] at frequency of 7.83 Hz. Schumann resonances occur because the Earth’s ionosphere and the earth’s surface forms a closed waveguide cavity. This cavity can be naturally excited by electric currents in lightning. Tesla accomplished this resonance using the Tesla coil.

To prove his grand vision and with J. P. Morgan’s initial $150,000 financial backing, Tesla scaled up the experiment to build a pilot power plant called the Wardenclyffe Tower in Shoreham, New York. However, the Wardenclyffe Tower was a failing project. In December 1901, only a few months after construction began, a competing scientist named Guglielmo Marconi showed the world a low cost way to send the first trans-Atlantic wireless telegraph. Tesla wanted to change the plan to build an even bigger transmission tower. He asked more funding, but J. P. Morgan refused and the project came to a halt. Later, Tesla was in foreclosure and the Wardenclyffe Tower project was completely abandoned.

Later in 1927, Tesla Tesla explained the discovery of his Colorado experiment in a paper *World System of Wireless Transmission of Energy* [3]. Without giving lots of details, he made the following claims: “…. under certain conditions the current was capable of passing across the entire globe and **returning from the antipodes to its origin with undiminished strength.** ….. with an efficiency as high as ninety-nine and one-half per cent.” **Particularly, the speed of the wave can be greater than the light speed**: “The wave starts with a theoretically infinite speed, slowing down first very quickly and afterward at a lesser rate until the distance is about six thousand miles, when it proceeds with the speed of light. From there on it again increases in speed, slowly at first, and then more rapidly, reaching the antipode with approximately infinite velocity. The law of motion can be expressed by stating that the waves on the terrestrial surface sweep in equal intervals of time over equal areas, but it must be understood that the current penetrates deep into the earth and the effects produced on the receivers are the same as if the whole flow was confined to the earth’s axis joining the transmitter with the antipode. **The mean surface speed is thus about 471,200 kilometers per second — fifty-seven per cent greater than that of the so-called Hertz waves **— which should propagate with the velocity of light if they exist.”

*Meyl’s Tesla Wireless Power Transmission Replicat Kit*

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Konstantin Meyl built a small version of Tesla’s wireless power transmission kit [4] that allows anyone to replicate Nicola Tesla’s Corolodo Springs magnifying transmitter experiment in a lab setting.

The kit duplicates the exact experiment that Tesla did one century ago but in a much smaller scale. The circuit diagram (shown below) is the same one that Tesla used. With this kit, one can experiment how energy can be magnified due to scalar wave that travels faster than the speed of light. A video interview below with Dr. Meyl explains how the kit works.

In the kit, a function generator is in place of a spark gap generator in Tesla’s experiment. The operating voltage is only 2 volts in stead of 600 kV in Tesla’s experiment. Note that a typical function generator has a source impedance of 50-ohms and current capability of less than 100-mA, whereas the pancake coil has a resistance of ~ 10-ohms, the function generator can not drive the pancake coil directly. It needs to have a buffer amplifier capable of outputting 1-A current or more to drive the coil.

During the experiment, one can find two resonances: one is Hertizan wave resonance at 4.67-MHz, another is scalar wave resonance at 7.71-MHz. The difference is that at Hertizan resonance, the LED light at the receiver can be shielded, **whereas at scalar wave resonance, the LED at the receiver can not be shielded at all**. Since the distance is the same, speed is equal to distance multiplied by frequency, the speed of the scalar wave can be found to be v = 7.71/4.67 = 1.65 c – the same conclusion that Tesla found 100 years ago.

The earth connection wire between the two pancake coils is used to duplicate Tesla’s earth connection. But it can be completely removed to show that the wireless power transferred is completely real.

Over unity effect can also be experimented using the kit. Dr. Meyl did warn that the system tend to saturate. Since the energy drawn from the scalar wave is small, a small input voltage in the milliwatt range can see COP near 100%. But when increasing it too high, the over unity effect may not be visible.

The kit can also expanded to use two or more receivers. Since the transmitter and receiver are 180-deg out of phase, the phase difference between two receivers is 0-deg. With this, one can experiment with one biological sample that is killed putting on one receiver and broadcasting its characteristics to the other sample on the second receiver to reverse it. For example, a dead cancer cell can be put on one receiver and broadcasted it to that on the second receiver to kill it. This concept has significant medical implication where scalar wave is used to treat a patient.

There are two type of scalar waves: the electric scalar waves and magnetic scalar wave. The top of the antenna where the metal ball is has the strongest electric strength and so exit the electric scalar waves (Tesla Waves). The bottom of the antenna where the pancake coil is has the weakest electric strength and so the magnetic strength is at its maximum. This is where the magnetic scalar waves (Meylianas scalar waves) exist. The cells in the biological systems communicate with each other by means of magnetic scalar waves, and that is why biological samples are placed on top of the pancake coil of the receiver during a biological experiment.

A final note from Dr. Meyl is that Scalar wave is always a compliment to the Hertzian wave. An antenna with Hertzian wave efficiency of 80% is accompanied by a 20% loss or noise which is actually scalar waves. With cellphone getting smaller, the antenna efficiency is reduced to 50% or lower, meaning that more is lost as noise in the form of scalar waves. Since human body cells communicate through scalar waves, the scalar waves can reach the cells through tunneling effect, and damaging to the cells can result. How to avoid damaging effects and achieve beneficial effects? He did not clarify this in the interview. An obvious answer appears to be encoding the scalar waves with the correct information such as broadcasting nutrient information similar to broadcasting information of the cancer cells that have been killed.

In document [4], Dr. Meyl warns that if a transmitter operates openly without a receiver to absorb the scalar wave energy, the danger exists that the transmitter can get into resonances with any biological systems such as human bodies, and this resonance or interaction range is infinite in theory. Undetected, an acute danger of electromagnetic pollution can occur to humans. Therefore, despite medical purposes, the operation of a scalar wave transmitter must not be abused to use humans as a receiver. It needs to be in control and make certain that the sending scalar wave power is completely received and absorbed by the intended receiver.

Navigate to **Energy from Vacuum** …

**Reference:**

- Nikola Tesla,
*System of transmission of electrical energy*,*US patent No. 645,576,*March 20, 1900. - Schumann Resonance, NASA. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
- Nikola Tesla,
*World System of Wireless Transmission of Energy*, Telegraph and Telephone Age, October 16th, 1927, pp. 457-460 - Konstantin Meyl,
*Scalar wave technology, 2003, documentation and manual to the demonstration-kit and to the experimental-kit,*INDEL Verlagsabteilung Villingen-Schwenningen (English Edition).